It has been already six years that I have relocated to France. By this time those of my friends who are a regular reader of my blog know my soft corner for Paris, the French culture and food. And of course wine production and tasting is the most widely known aspect of the French culture. There are different wine growing regions in France, the most important among them being Bordeaux, Bourgogne (Burgundy) and the neighboring Beaujolais, Provence, Languedoc-Roussillon, Alsace, Cote du Rhone, the Loire Valley and the sparkling wine region of Champagne.
|The wine producing regions of France : |
I found this on a wall in Paris, I later modified it to add the cities to the map.
And of all the different customs of wine tasting, a very popular one is the tradition of drinking Beaujolais Nouveau. As the name suggests, Beaujolais Nouveau (nouveau means new in French) is a young red wine made from Gamay grapes which have been fermented for just a few weeks before being released for sale on the third Thursday of November. Beaujolais marks the last harvest of grapes of the season and until World War II this light cherry color wine was drank by the only locals of the Beaujolais region.
Beaujolais gained the AOC (Appellation d'origine controlee, the highest certification of origin for wines in France) in 1937. In 1951, following a decree that mentioned that all AOC wines in France cannot be sold until 15th December of the harvest year, a new special AOC was created for the wines which had a very short fermentation and sold in the same harvest year. Thus the designation of “Nouveau” wines was born and of them the Beaujolais Nouveau quickly became most popular and reputed wine. By the same designation, it is required that all the grapes for the AOC Beaujolais must be harvested by hand There are three categories of Beaujolais Nouveau (same for the wines from the Beaujolais region) depending on the geographic region from where the grapes are harvested as shown in the map.
The label on the bottle depicts the category of the wine and its certification in the format Appellation “Category” Contrôlée together with the year of harvest. Another important aspect of French wine is the label on the top of the bottle. It is called the CRD or Capsule Représentative de Droit in French. Its color helps to distinguish the different levels of certification of the wine. For wines it can be Green, Red or Blue. Green indicates that the wine satisfies the definition of quality wines produced in the specified regions, Red indicates natural sweet wines with a registered designation of origin and blue indicates all the other types including table wine.
|The CRD mark on the top of the bottle|
Beaujolais Nouveau is made using carbonic maceration, which is to ferment the whole grape bunches for about four days in tanks saturated in carbon dioxide. This is done to keep the grapes as intact as possible without scratches or crushing the seeds. Conventional alcoholic fermentation is done by crushing the grapes to free the juice and pulp from the skin and then with yeast serving to convert sugar into ethanol. For the carbonic maceration however most of the grapes are not crushed and the juice is fermented which still inside the fruit. This emphasizes the fruit flavors without extracting bitter tannins from the grape skins. The resulting wine is thus fresh fruity and very low in tannins. Thus Beaujolais Nouveau is a purple pink wine reflecting its youth, bottled only within six to eight weeks after harvest.
|Our local wine cave|